Italian honor

first_imgMartin Karplus, Theodore William Richards Professor Emeritus at Harvard University and Professeur Conventionné at the Université de Strasbourg, has been awarded the Antonio Feltrinelli International Prize in Chemistry by the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. The award was presented at the academy in Rome Nov. 11.The Antonio Feltrinelli International Prizes are considered Italy’s highest scientific and cultural honors. The chemistry prize is presented every five years and consists of a gold medal and an award of 250,000 euros.Karplus received the award in recognition of his lifelong efforts to understand the electronic structure, geometry, and dynamics of molecules of chemical and biological interest. Among the important contributions to nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, chemical dynamics, and quantum chemistry is the Karplus Equation, which is widely used in determining the structures of small molecules and of proteins. More recently, Karplus has developed the widely used molecular dynamic simulation methodology for studying the functional dynamics and conformational changes of biomolecules.The Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, literally the National Academy of the Lynx, was founded in 1603 in Italy and was named after the feline animal with keen vision because of the idea that scientists make careful observations. In 1611, astronomer Galileo Galilei was inducted to the prestigious academy, which published his research and supported him during his battle with the Roman Catholic Church.last_img read more

‘Green Up 2004’

first_imgUniversity of GeorgiaThe Green Up 2004 Landscape Update and Trade Show will be March10 at the Miller-Murphy-Howard building at the Georgia NationalFairgrounds in Perry, Ga.The update is planned for landscape maintenance workers andmanagers. But garden center, golf course and nursery workerscould benefit from the training and trade show, too.The program offers sessions on new insecticides and herbicides,preparing for new water regulations, pricing for profit,irrigation auditing and more.Participants can earn up to 4 hours of commercial pesticidecredit in category 24. The free afternoon trade show will haveexhibits from Kubota, Dixie Chopper, Exmark, Hustler, Graco andothers.Preregistration is required. The $20 fee covers all sessions, abreak and lunch. To learn more, call the Houston County ExtensionService at (478) 542-2020. Or e-mail Willie Chance ([email protected]).last_img read more

Your Southern Garden

first_imgLearn about everything from pitcher plants to recycling tires on “Your Southern Garden” with Walter Reeves July 16 at noon and 6:30 p.m. on Georgia Public Broadcasting. Pitcher plants are beautiful and fascinating to watch because they eat insects instead of plant food. Linda Walker will then show how she propagates hundreds of coleus plants at Callaway Gardens. Garden raconteur Felder Rushing will show Reeves how he converts truck tires into planters, using a sharp knife and a well-placed knee.”Your Southern Garden,” produced by the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and UF/IFAS Extension, is a one-of-a-kind program specifically for the Southeast. The program is made possible by sponsorship from the Alabama Cooperative Extension System and Clemson Cooperative Extension.Watch “Your Southern Garden” on select public TV stations in Alabama, South Carolina and Florida. Check local listings for details.last_img read more

Advisory firm recommends Rock of Ages merger with Swenson Granite of NH

first_imgRock of Ages Corporation,Rock of Ages Corporation (NASDAQ:ROAC) has announced that Institutional Shareholder Services, an independent proxy advisory firm, has recommended that Rock of Ages stockholders vote “For” the proposal to approve the merger agreement by and among Rock of Ages, Swenson Granite Company LLC (“Swenson Granite”) and Granite Acquisition, LLC, a limited liability company wholly owned by Swenson Granite, at Rock of Ages’ special meeting of shareholders scheduled for January 18, 2011. Under the terms of the merger agreement, shareholders of Rock of Ages’ Class A and Class B common stock (other than those shareholders contributing their shares to Swenson Granite prior to the merger or properly asserting dissenters’ rights under the Vermont Business Corporation Act) will have their common stock converted into the right to receive $5.25 per share in cash without interest.In recommending that its clients vote to approve the merger agreement, ISS stated in a report dated December 28, 2010*: “Based on a review of the terms of the transaction and the factors described . . . in particular, the fact that a special committee of independent directors was formed to negotiate and evaluate the merger and other strategic options, that the consideration represents a significant premium to the share price one day and 60 days prior to the announcement, and the fact that negotiations resulted in consideration higher than the acquirer’s original offer, shareholder support for the merger agreement is warranted.” ISS also recommended that Rock of Ages stockholders vote ‘FOR’ the proposal to adjourn the special meeting if necessary to permit further solicitation of proxies if there are insufficient votes of Class A common stock at the time of the special meeting to meet the ‘majority of the minority’ vote requirement under the merger agreement.”We are pleased that ISS supports the view of the special committee and the board of directors that stockholders should vote in favor of approving the merger agreement,” said director James L. Fox, chairman of the special committee. “We ask shareholders to vote their shares by proxy in favor of the proposed merger agreement well in advance of the January 18, 2011 special meeting date, in order to ensure that all shares are properly counted.”Rock of Ages stockholders are encouraged to read the company’s definitive proxy materials in their entirety as they provide, among other things, a detailed description of the process that led to the proposed merger and the reasons behind the special committee’s and the board of directors’ unanimous recommendations that stockholders vote ‘FOR’ the approval of the merger agreement.Investors who require assistance should contact Rock of Ages’ proxy solicitor, The Proxy Advisory Group, LLC, by phone (toll-free) at (888) 557-7699 or (888) 55PROXY, or in writing at The Proxy Advisory Group, LLC, 18 East 41st Street, Suite 2000, New York, NY 10017.* Permission to quote from ISS was neither sought nor obtained.About Rock of AgesRock of Ages ( is external)) is the largest integrated granite quarrier and manufacturer of finished granite memorials and granite blocks for memorial use in North America.Forward-Looking StatementsAny statements in this press release which are not historical facts, including with respect to future events relating to the merger agreement and the proposed merger, constitute forward-looking statements. These statements are based on current expectations about future events. These statements are not guarantees of future events and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual events may differ materially from what is expressed in such forward-looking statements due to numerous factors. A statement containing an expectation or prediction as to the consummation of the merger is just an example of a forward-looking statement. Some factors that could realistically cause events to differ materially from those predicted in the forward-looking statements include the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstances that could give rise to the termination of the merger agreement with Swenson Granite; the outcome of any legal proceedings that have been, or may be, instituted against Rock of Ages related to the merger agreement; the inability to complete the merger due to the failure to obtain shareholder approval for the merger or the failure to satisfy other conditions to completion of the merger; and the failure of Swenson Granite to obtain the necessary financing arrangements relating to the merger. Further information and risks regarding factors that could affect our business, operations, financial results or financial positions are discussed from time to time in Rock of Ages’ Securities and Exchange Commission filings and reports. Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and Rock of Ages does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this press release, except as may be required under the federal securities laws.About the Proposed TransactionIn connection with the proposed merger, Rock of Ages filed a definitive proxy statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 16, 2010. INVESTORS AND SECURITY HOLDERS ARE STRONGLY ADVISED TO READ THE PROXY STATEMENT BECAUSE IT CONTAINS IMPORTANT INFORMATION. Investors and security holders may obtain a free copy of the definitive proxy statement and other documents filed by Rock of Ages from the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Web site at is external). The proxy statement and such other documents may also be obtained for free from Rock of Ages’ by directing a request to Rock of Ages Corporation, Chief Financial Officer, 560 Graniteville Road, Graniteville, Vermont 05654, telephone: (802) 476-3115.Rock of Ages and its directors, executive officers and certain other members of its management and employees may be deemed to be participants in the solicitation of proxies from its shareholders in connection with the proposed merger. Information regarding the interests of Rock of Ages’ participants in the solicitation is included in the definitive proxy statement. Additional information regarding Rock of Ages’ directors and executive officers is also included in Rock of Ages’ proxy statement for its 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, which was filed with the SEC on July 19, 2010. Stockholders may obtain additional information regarding the interests of the Company and its directors and executive officers in the proposed merger, which may be different than those of the Company’s stockholders generally, by reading the definitive proxy statement and other relevant documents regarding the proposed merger. These documents are available free of charge from the SEC’s Web site at is external). or by directing a request to Rock of Ages Corporation, Chief Financial Officer, 560 Graniteville Road, Graniteville, Vermont 05654, telephone: (802) 476-3115. Source: BARRE, Vt.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–1.4.2011last_img read more

VTrans announces rapid delivery of temporary bridges to restore travel

first_imgGranvilleVT 100157Open ReadsboroVT 10023ClosedOct. 4RochesterVT 7319ClosedTemp by Oct. 15RochesterVT 7313RestrictedTemp. Not yet bidRochesterVT 7317Open WallingfordVT 1403Open PittsfieldVT 100124ClosedTemp by Sept. 30PittsfieldVT 100126Open DummerstonVT 309Open Clarendon US 796Open HancockVT 12523OpenTemp in placeHubbardtonVT 3098Open Jamaica VT 3042Open PittsfieldVT 100127Open BrightonVT 10584OpenTemp in placeCavendishVT 1311Open Jamaica VT 10078ClosedTemp by Oct. 15Jamaica VT 3030ClosedTemp by Oct. 15Jamaica VT 3040Open NorthfieldVT 12A32Open WarrenVT 100165OpenTemp culverts in placeWeathersfieldVT 13110Open HubbardtonVT 3096Open CavendishVT 1313Open Plymouth VT 100A8ClosedTemp by Sept. 30Plymouth VT 100 A9Open Roxbury VT 12A15ClosedDec. 15Roxbury VT 12A22ClosedDec. 15Roxbury VT 12A21Open MoretownVT 100B7Open The Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) today announced that by the end of October it will open seven temporary bridges that will provide the public access over brooks and rivers where Tropical Storm Irene damaged permanent structures, rendering them unusable for public travel. The first two of these temporary bridges is scheduled to open this weekend, and once in use will provide the public unhindered travel along both Route 100A in Plymouth and Route 100 in Pittsfield. Opening the bridge in Pittsfield is significant as it will allow the public to travel freely along Route 100 between Stockbridge and Killington for the first time since the storm struck on August 28. ‘Erecting these temporary bridges will eliminate more than half of the storm-related road closures remaining along Vermont’s state highway system,’ said VTrans Secretary Brian Searles. ‘Opening Route 100 through Pittsfield this weekend will represent a major milestone because it will allow the free-flow of traffic without detours or major impediments for the entire 135-mile stretch of Route 100 between Ludlow and Newport just in time for the height of foliage season.’ Other locations where temporary bridges will soon be erected include: ·         Barnard Route 12 by Oct. 29·         Bethel Route 12 by Oct. 7.·         Jamaica Route 30 by Oct. 15·         Jamaica Route 100 by Oct. 15·         Rochester Route 73 at the intersection of Route 73 and Route 100 by Oct. 15Earlier this month, VTrans opened temporary bridges along Route 105 in Brighton and along Route 125 in Hancock. All of these temporary bridges will remain in place throughout the winter and until permanent bridges can be built. Photos: Route 30 in Jamaica Village courtesy of VTrans.Before winter, a temporary bridge also will be built along Route 73 in Rochester at the location where a temporary logging bridge was installed just after the storm. The logging bridge, while perfectly safe during warm weather, needs to be replaced for safe winter travel. Tropical Storm Irene closed 34 bridges along Vermont’s state highway system. VTrans has reopened 25 (73 percent) of these bridges, while nine remain closed to full public travel. Two of these ‘closed’ bridges, however, are open to local traffic and emergency vehicles only. Of the nine bridges that remain closed to full public travel, seven require temporary bridges and will be reopened by the end of October or sooner. The remaining two bridges, both located along Route 12A in Roxbury, will receive new bridges through a rapid-reconstruction method and are projected to open in mid December. TOWNROUTEBR#StatusProposed Opening DateBarnardVT 1225ClosedTemp by Oct. 29Bethel VT 1230RestrictedTemp by Oct. 7BraintreeVT 12A6Open WoodfordVT 9 11Open   Source: VTrans. 9.27.2011last_img read more

Garden City Park ‘Hostage’ Report Probed

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Nassau County police responded to a report of a possible hostage situation involving a family in a Garden City Park home but found the residents inside safe on Tuesday morning, authorities said.Officers responded to the house on First Place residence, a short street with only three residential homes, after receiving a 911 call reporting a hostage situation at 12:30 p.m., police said.Shortly after police arrived, a man, woman and young child came out unharmed, said Det. Vincent Garcia, a police spokesman.Officers from the Third Precinct, Bureau of Special Operations Unit and Emergency Service Unit searched the home and found no weapons.Denton Avenue between Jericho Turnpike and Belmont Avenue was closed to traffic for more than two hours while investigators were on the scene. No one was hurt and there is no threat to the public.Authorities are investigating the origin of the call, which did not come from the home.last_img read more

Crunch time for Apple in fight against $15b EU tax order

first_imgApple’s clash with European Union competition regulators comes to a head on Wednesday as Europe’s second-highest court rules on whether it has to pay 13 billion euros (US$15 billion) in Irish back taxes, a key part of the EU’s crackdown against sweetheart tax deals.In its order four years ago, the European Commission said Apple benefited from illegal state aid via two Irish tax rulings that artificially reduced its tax burden for over two decades – to as low as 0.005 percent in 2014.Defeat for European Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager could weaken or delay pending cases against Ikea’s and Nike’s deals with the Netherlands, as well as Huhtamaki’s agreement with Luxembourg. Should Ireland lose, the government will be castigated by the same politicians for launching the appeal. A ruling in favour of the Commission could also raise questions about the application of Ireland’s tax code at a sensitive time, when new global rules for taxing digital giants are being debated.Defeat could also hurt Ireland’s ability to attract investment, although the promotional blitz undertaken after the Commission’s 2016 decision appears to have worked. The numbers employed by multinationals like Apple, Facebook and Google have grown by 25 percent, accounting for one in ten Irish workers.For Apple, defeat would be a blow, but manageable given its cash holdings topped $190 billion at the end of its fiscal second quarter.The cases are T-778/16 Ireland v Commission and T-892/16 Apple Sales International and Apple Operations Europe v Commission. The defeated side can appeal on points of law to the EU Court of Justice, Europe’s highest court.Topics : Vestager, who has made the tax crackdown a centrepiece of her time in office, saw the same court last year overturn her demand for Starbucks to pay up to 30 million euros in Dutch back taxes. In another case, the court also threw out her ruling against a Belgian tax scheme for 39 multinationals.The Apple dispute is seen by some analysts as a lose-lose situation for Ireland, which has appealed against the Commission’s order alongside the iPhone maker.While 14 billion euros – including interest – would go a long way to plugging the coronavirus-shaped hole in the state’s finances, Dublin is seeking to protect a low tax regime that has attracted 250,000 multinational employers.If Ireland’s appeal succeeds, the government will be ridiculed by opposition parties for not taking the cash, which could cover at least half of a budget deficit forecast to balloon to as much as 10 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) this year.last_img read more

Archbishop’s Tamborine Mountain retreat hits the market

first_imgVilla Margaret at 4-8 Palm Grove Ave, Tamborine Mountaine features was a holiday residence for Sir James Duhig – the Archbishop of Brisbane.Tamborine Mountain Historical Society archivist Paul Lyons said Archbishop of Brisbane Sir James Duhig used the residence as a holiday retreat.“In 1946 William Adams bought it and extended it.“He’s the one who called it Villa Margaret because he had a daughter called Margaret.“His daughter was very ill and he wanted her to convalesce up here but she passed away.“After that he gifted it to the Archbishop of Brisbane.” Villa Margaret. Villa Margaret exudes art deco charm. Mr Lyons said he recalled being at school in the 1940s when Archbishop Duhig visited the mountain.“I know he came up once every couple of years,” Mr Lyons said.“He wouldn’t have come up here for any other reason than to visit the catholic college. It was mainly the nuns who were up here. If any one of them wanted a holiday he allowed them to convalesce up here.More from news02:37Purchasers snap up every residence in the $40 million Siarn Palm Beach North4 hours ago02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa23 hours ago“Most of them dressed more for the mountain, they would go on walks as the national park was nearby.” Villa Margaret. Archbishop Duhig passed the property on to the Canossian Sisters to be used as a retreat.Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:25Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:25 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels720p720pHD540p540p360p360p270p270pAutoA, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.This is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenClose Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Dream Home: 40 Blackler St, Semaphore00:25 Related videos 00:25Dream Home: 40 Blackler St, Semaphore00:31Historic home for sale01:53Chill out in this underground home00:35Dreamy Victorian Terraces 01:00Historic bluestone cottage in Batesford00:48Art DecoThe current owners paid $1.02 million for the 1429sq m property in 2008.The house was then extensively restored to blend modern conveniences with its historic charm and is now used as a luxury short-term holiday retreat. The fireplace make for the perfect ambience.The three-level residence retains many of its original details from its near 90-year history including stained-glass windows, intricate cornices and Crows Ash timber flooring.The commanding double brick and stone facade stands out as does the stone paths and garden walls. Archbishop James Duhig at 92.AN historic art deco house formerly used by the Brisbane Archbishop as a holiday retreat has hit the market.Villa Margaret on Tamborine Mountain was built in the 1930s to exude character of the art deco period.center_img There are plenty of areas outside to relax. Harcourts Coastal Paradise Point agents Steve and James Weir are taking the property to auction.“It’s a unique piece of history for the Gold Coast that has had such a great past,” Steve Weir said. Villa Margaret blends modern conveniences with oldcharm history.On the first level is the formal living area – this is where the Archbishop’s housekeeper also had her quarters linked to the rest of the house with a bell call system.The study within the curved recess on level two has been restored while the former prayer chapel on level three has been expanded and transformed into a luxury master bedroom. Villa Margaret. Villa Margaret. last_img read more

Academics’ pension fund to sell DKK1bn of fossil fuel investments

first_imgMP Pension’s new CIO Anders Schelde spoke to IPE about the fund’s investment strategy and how the fund has progressed since striking out on its own in 2015, in this month’s edition of the magazine. The fund’s board of directors has decided to divest of all shares in companies with exposure to oil, coal and tar sands.In 2016, MP Pension resolved to make sure its investment policy supported the Paris Agreement’s goal of limiting the increase in average global temperature to two degrees above pre-industrial levels.“This goal requires action by politicians and companies worldwide,” it said. Munch Holst said the pension fund’s analysis showed that the decision to exclude fossil fuel companies would also benefit the fund’s overall long-term return.The pension fund plans to sell all its coal and tar sands exposure by the end of this year, while oil shares will be sold before the end of 2020.“MP Pension already has green investments of DKK3.5bn, and this figure will grow,” it said.A year ago, Denmark’s PKA divested from five Canadian oil companies, meaning it had blacklisted 53 companies involved in fossil fuels in the space of two years.However, it rejected a blanket ban on companies’ involvement in the fossil fuel sector, saying it wanted to know if the firms had long-term plans to be part of the renewable energy sector. Denmark’s MP Pension plans to exclude all fossil fuel-related companies from its investment universe in order to help limit climate change.The DKK114bn (€15.3bn) pension fund for Denmark’s public sector university and secondary school staff said the move would excise 1,000 companies from its investment universe, freeing up more than DKK1bn.Jens Munch Holst, chief executive of MP Pension, said: “Our ambition is to deliver the highest possible returns for our members, based on responsible investments.“Given our stated goal of following the Paris Agreement’s recommendations for a better global climate, we must also take action to realise that goal.”last_img read more

Polyamorous relationships may be the future of love

first_imgBBC Future 23 June 2016Family First Comment: And so the ‘lobbying’ continues in the media – now the BBC. No surprises – It’s just a matter of time. But this part is interesting….“A 2012 survey of 4,000 polyamorous people revealed that about 76% of the respondents would be interested in legal marriage if it were available, while 92% agreed that “consensual, multiparty marriages among adults” should enjoy the same legal status as marriage between two people. This appetite for legal poly marriage may have arisen as a result of the support given to same-sex marriage, which is now a legal right in the UK and in the US, Aviram says. “It galvanized the poly activists.” (The comparison has not always been welcomed by LGBT advocates, however, who felt like it muddied the case for marriage equality.) The question many people asked was why polyamory could not receive similar treatment?”Exactly – and it’s the exact question Labour MP Louisa Wall couldn’t answer when I asked her! True romanceNow there is a fairly new player in the relationship game, at least as far as the public are concerned. In the last two decades, sociologists, legal scholars and the public have shown great interest towards polyamory and it’s making them reassess the very nature of romance.The word polyamory was first coined in the 1960s and literally means “many loves” in Latin. That’s exactly what it is, but talking to poly individuals makes it quickly apparent that there is no one way to be poly. There are no immediate rules. Some people, like Franklin have live-in partners with additional liaisons outside the home. Others have a mixture of short and long-term relationships.Some live in a big group with their partners and their partner’s other partner(s), so called “family style polyamory”. You get the idea. The one thing they all have in common is openness, understanding, trust and acceptance from all involved.As you might imagine these kinds of relationships take a lot of work to maintain, so being poly is far from an easy option. For starters, to keep more than one relationship going, small logistical matters require a lot of communication. “Our relationships are a lot more challenging,” says Eve Rickert, one of Franklin’s long distance partners and co-author of their polyamory book More than Two.It took several decades for published research to appear into this way of life. “It called into question people’s core values,” says Terri Conley from the University of Michigan, who initially struggled to get her research published due what she felt was a pervasive bias in favour of monogamy. Her research is revealing – there are some clear benefits to polyamory.To start with, in a 2014 review paper Conley found that polyamorous people tend to maintain more friendships as they keep a wider social network. They are also less likely to cut off contact after a break-up.Monogamous couples on the other hand, often withdraw from their friends in the first, loved-up stages of their relationship.Conley also found that individuals in poly relationships are better at communicating and that jealousy is often lower. In new research, not yet published, she even discovered that overall relationship satisfaction can be higher in poly relationships, though another earlier 2015 review found that satisfaction was similar among monogamous and “consensual non-monogamous” relationships.Nor do they seem more likely to spread sexually transmitted diseases. Indeed, an anonymous online study revealed that openly non-monogamous people are more likely to practice safe sex than cheating individuals in seemingly monogamous relationships.   Taking all her findings into consideration, Conley says that married monogamous couples could learn from a poly way of life. They could use using similar ways to communicate and resolve conflict for example. “The idea is that we put too much stress on marriage and need to give it more oxygen by giving people more resources,” she says. “A lot of the strategies used in poly relationships can map onto suggestions of how we improve marriage.”Social stigmasUnfortunately, these positive experiences portrayed by the research do not always translate to positive perceptions of polyamorous people. In fact, poly individuals face many stigmas and one of the biggest misconceptions is that it’s all about sex. More partners means more bed-hopping, right? This is a common view, much to Franklin and Eve’s despair.“I have been in committed long-term relationships that span decades,” Franklin explains. “There are easier ways to find sex if sex is what you’re interested in.”Eve agrees. “Poly is a lot of work. Having a lifestyle where you enjoy casual sex and hook-ups is a lot less work than maintaining five current long-term relationships.” In poly relationships people aren’t simply after a romp in the dark, but they make emotional and loving commitments to each other, taking in the good and the bad.   In her research Conley also came across other more subtle stigmas. “People have the sense that monogamous individuals are seen as better, that people are more committed to each other,” she says. People even perceived monogamous individuals as being better at very arbitrary things, such as walking their dogs, paying taxes on time and that they are more likely to floss their teeth.These are similar to the kind of stigmas single people face. This all points to the fact that there is an intense “pressure to pair”. Monogamy is surrounded by a glowing halo and anyone who deviates from this norm seems to be viewed negatively, says Conley. “Even people who are in non-monogamous relationships rate monogamous relationships as higher quality. They have internalised this sense that this is not the best thing to be doing – which is kind of sad.”The problem is that these judgements do not only affect the adults in polyamorous relationships, but it seeps into their children. Maria Pallotta-Chiarolli of Deakin University in Australia, has done extensive research looking into the well-being of children in poly families, and says the main issue is what’s referred to as “the deficit model”. This simply means outsiders believe that children are affected by their parents’ lifestyle in a negative way, which is not necessarily the case.“Research shows that most children are really happy growing up with lots of adults, in fact most kids love it,” Pallotta-Chiarolli says. They benefit from added support and time from any additional parental role within their family unit. “These children are more insightful and wise, and open to understanding diversity and many forms of religion and culture.”“The children see parents organising employment, health care, making lunch,” she continues. “For them they see the whole gamut of living in a family, but externally, [many] think polyamory is all about orgies, and that’s really hard for the kids.”None of which is to say poly families are always perfect – they face similar struggles that any family might face. Eve, for instance, still lives with her husband as a life partner, but is no longer romantically involved with him. Then, as well as Franklin, she has been dating another woman for four years. Franklin also divorced his first wife of 18 years. Like any relationship, break-ups can be difficult, and they are even more complicated if children are involved.Regardless, any type of judgement from the outside world can put an unwelcome strain on polyamorous families. If the children underperform at school it’s often attributed to the fact that their parents are living in a non-monogamous relationship. The children in turn try to “compensate by being perfect poster kids”, Pallotta-Chiarolli explains.These types of stigmas will be difficult to overcome, in part because these family units are not supported by any legal recognition, such as marriage and child custody. The appetite is there though, Aviram discovered. She spoke to numerous poly activists in research looking into whether polyamorous marriage might ever legally be possibleA 2012 survey of 4,000 polyamorous people revealed that about 76% of the respondents would be interested in legal marriage if it were available, while 92% agreed that “consensual, multiparty marriages among adults” should enjoy the same legal status as marriage between two people.This appetite for legal poly marriage may have arisen as a result of the support given to same-sex marriage, which is now a legal right in the UK and in the US, Aviram says. “It galvanized the poly activists.” (The comparison has not always been welcomed by LGBT advocates, however, who felt like it muddied the case for marriage equality.) The question many people asked was why polyamory could not receive similar treatment?The truth is that implementing poly marriage would be complicated, in part because there are so many different types of poly relationships. “No poly family is like the others,” Aviram says. That being said, the family style units – where everyone is a member of the household with no relationships outside – should work remarkably like a conventional marriage, she says.She plotted through how it might work. Parental responsibilities and home ownership could be legally divided and the biological status of any potential parent could also be taken into consideration. While these may be complicated cases they echo many of the hurdles adoptive parents face. Relationships outside the main home might introduce further complications but again, there are similar legal solutions for divorce and foster care.In fact, Aviram says that a key challenge for now comes from the lack of legal protection – such as laws that prevent discrimination – for poly relationships. In the US Army for instance, adultery is even seen as a crime, meaning a person cannot be ‘out’ as poly if they are married.For polyamory to be protected by law it will first have to be considered an orientation in the way that homosexually is. If, legally speaking, it is seen as an orientation, then the reasoning goes that poly individuals would be protected by similar anti-discriminatory laws.Legal researcher Ann Tweedy, of Hamline University School of Law recently laid out an argument for why it should be considered an orientation. Sexual orientation, she says, is defined as attraction to either the same sex, the opposite sex or both sexes – but it could be broadened to include other sexual preferences that are entwined with identity.This echoes what many poly activists say, Aviram found. “They tell you they have an innate sense that they are wired this way. That this is a natural way of being for them.” If that is the case, these groups should receive special anti-discriminatory protection under law as well, she says.However, even poly people say it is not clear cut. In small 2005 survey Meg-John Barker of the Open University in the UK, asked 30 polyamorous people how they identify to find that about half saw it as “a fairly fixed identity”, while the other half saw as a choice, as “an ethical alternative to infidelity”. Eve and Franklin also suggest it can be a bit of both.READ MORE: read more