Share this article View post tag: Naval View post tag: Queen View post tag: Defence The launch next summer of HMS Queen Elizabeth, the first of the Royal Navy’s two new carriers, will signal a national awakening to the UK’s continuing authority on the world stage, the First Sea Lord, Admiral Sir George Zambellas, told an audience of experts from the defence and maritime industries today, Tuesday 10 September 2013.The Admiral said:“We await expectantly the rebirth of the United Kingdom’s carrier capability. We look forward to the launch event for HMS Queen Elizabeth next summer, which will be a real moment of national awakening.“Why?“Because she will be the first of two ‘big deck’ aircraft carriers capable of delivering a full spectrum of diplomatic, political and military options.”Speaking at the DSEI (Defence Security and Equipment International) exhibition in London, the First Sea Lord said he wanted to forge a closer relationship with defence industry, set against the backdrop of the UK Government’s commitment to a naval equipment programme which, by early in the next decade, is planned to be nearly half of the defence equipment budget.The Admiral quoted the Prime Minister who has spoken of the UK maintaining the fourth largest defence budget in the world, to equip its armed forces not for the conflicts of the past but for the challenges of today.Admiral Zambellas said this renaissance in the naval equipment programme was fundamental to meeting those challenges and that his ambition was for this genuinely strategic investment to be matched by an equally strategic maritime defence-industrial relationship.The First Sea Lord said:“So how would I characterise the future UK Naval Equipment Programme?“Far from being stopped in the water at a time of austerity and fiscal pressure, the UK is experiencing an extraordinary renewal of its maritime capability.”He added:“And the scale of the UK’s investment in this programme matches the scale of the UK’s ambition to be a genuine international player with real influence and authority in the world.”Although the initial costs of the carrier and other new ship and submarine programmes catch the headlines, the lifespan of these vessels will deliver real value for money to the taxpayer in the long-term.“The reality is that the naval platforms which are being built today will have long life spans – very long life spans.So this longevity delivers real ‘bang for buck,” the Admiral said.He added:“This strategic national investment is linked intrinsically to the Government’s growth and prosperity agendas in a very significant way. In fact, taken as a whole, these core programmes are one of the largest engineering projects in the UK.“Just in the carrier project alone, there are over 100 companies in the UK supply chain. They deliver world class, high-end military capability and the UK defence industry has a tradition of manufacturing excellence in this field.”The First Sea Lord also stressed the importance of innovation to both the Royal Navy and the defence industry.The Admiral said:“The march of technology is remorseless, its options expanding exponentially.“The drumbeat gets ever louder.“In the maritime domain we need to be ready for it.“We need to embrace it and we need to exploit it – because it generates opportunities,”[mappress]Press Release, September 11, 2013; Image: Royal Navy View post tag: Awakening View post tag: Defense Authorities UK: HMS Queen Elizabeth to Signal National Awakening Back to overview,Home naval-today UK: HMS Queen Elizabeth to Signal National Awakening View post tag: National View post tag: Signal September 11, 2013 View post tag: HMS View post tag: Elizabeth View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Navy
Only 23% of first year Engineers are women. Matt Butterworth, a second year Engineer at LMH, commented, “If I could have it exactly how I wanted, I would definitely prefer a more even balance.”One female Engineer in her third year told Cherwell that the first few lab sessions were particularly challenging for girls, where they are expected to use drills, hammers and other tools with which boys are naturally more comfortable.She added, however, that “as the course progresses, girls often do better in the presentation and report aspects of the course where organisation and clarity of work are key. “Boys tend to go with the last minute stand up and improvise approach!” Similar success rates for male and female applicants to these subjects show that the imbalance is down to a lower number of female applicants. This is increasingly less true of Chemistry, where 47% of the 2009 intake were female, a rise of 10% on 2005. Indeed, Physiological Sciences is just 33% male in the 2010 cohort.In the non-scientific subjects, Economics & Management was the stand-out statistic. In 2009, 80% of the intake were male. Tom Raeburn, an E&M student at Worcester, said that the subject “is seen by some as a boot camp for entry into the City, which in itself is a male dominated environment.”Rohan Sakhrani, a first year E&M student, commented that in the City “the high male population in such a dog eat dog world is to be expected…although in Pembroke I’d say some of the female E&Mists are quite vociferous as it is.”However, Reena Virdee of Oxford Women In Business said, “It’s important to stress that you don’t need to do a specific subject to be successful in business….Employers are looking for when rounded applicants from a variety of backgrounds and disciples. So, despite some subjects being male skewed, this doesn’t really correspond to the male to female ratio in business.”Politics is another profession that has been viewed as the preserve of men, with PPE often described as a “training ground” for Westminster.The gender balance in PPE does not bode well for increasing the numbers of women in politics. 68% of the 2009 intake for PPE were male, and in 2010 this went up to 70%.The percentage of female students studying Modern Languages has fallen to 55% in 2010.First year linguist, Howard McDonald, spoke of “the general feeling that the subject is dominated by a female presence. “Murmurs can be heard as people shuffle out of the lecture hall, to the tune of, ‘There’s a lot of women in there.’ ”Men only make up about one third of English students. Henry Golding, a second year English student, said of his female peers, “They’ll all go and have children once they’ve finished their degree, so I guess it’s best that they do something frivolous like English for a few years, rather than something that will affect people’s lives, like law or officiating football matches.”Moreover, women are a small majority in Law, making up 53% of the 2009 and 2010 intakes. Theology was the most balanced subject in 2009, with 21 male and 21 female students selected from 57 applicants of each gender. In 2010, Philosophy & Modern Languages accepted 9 students of each gender. The gender make up of undergraduate subjects at Oxford continues to show how girls and boys favour certain subjects. Women continue to dominate men in terms of numbers in English, Modern Languages and Experimental Psychology, while men outnumber women in most science subjects. Despite continued government efforts to encourage women to study science and maths, females make up a mere 14% of physicists in the 2010 intake. In 2009 there was just one female computer scientist admitted, out of 16 students.Miranda Kent, the sole female physicist in first year at Lincoln College, said, “I’ve never counted more than 20 girls in the lecture hall. Me and some of the other girls sometimes play spot the attractive physicist. It doesn’t happen very often.” However, she explained that there were positives to being a minority in a subject: “You never have to queue for the loo.”The gender ratio of Maths tells a similar story. Men make up 70% of the 2009 and 2010 intakes, an increase of 4% on 2005. The success rate of male applicants was a staggering 6-8% higher than female ones.A female tutor explained to Cherwell, “We look at candidates on their respective merit…It just happens that we generally have more male candidates of the highest calibre than female ones.”She also said, “I believe that males overall are more attracted to or suited by the subject,” though adding that this was “a view my male colleagues do not subscribe to.”Dr. Sirichai Chongchitnan, a Fellow in Applied Mathematics at Lincoln College, put the gender bias down to a lack of famous female role models, and “the old perception of maths and physics in school as ‘nerdy’ subjects for boys.”Girls are very much the majority in English lectures, with 85 boys studying the subject compared to 139 girls in the 2010 intake.
Siemens received an order from Pakistan for a complete power island for the new combined cycle Punjab Power Plant Jhang, under a €200 million order. The order was placed by the China Machinery Engineering Corporation, the EPC contractor building the project for the independent energy provider Punjab Thermal Power.The liquefied natural gas (LNG)-operated plant is being built 250 kilometers southwest of Lahore and will provide a power generating capacity of 1.3 gigawatts, Siemens said.The power island from Siemens includes two SGT5-8000H gas turbines, one SST-5000 steam turbine, two heat recovery steam generators as well as control and auxiliary systems. Siemens will also be responsible for engineering and project management as well as for the associated on-site services.The power plant will initially feed electricity in simple-cycle operation in December 2018. It will then take up combined cycle operation in November 2019.