In addition to root-knot nematodes and target spot disease, Georgia cotton farmers should be prepared to fight bacterial blight, said University of Georgia Cooperative Extension plant pathologist Bob Kemerait.Kemerait advises producers, specifically those who farm in fields with a history of bacterial blight, to consider planting resistant varieties and managing the residue from last year’s crop. Farmers could also rotate the affected field away from cotton for at least one season.Infected seed can also spread bacterial blight.“Like we saw last year, there were fields where cotton production hadn’t occurred in many years and bacterial blight showed up to a small degree. How did it get there? One of the possible reasons is that it came in on the seed,” Kemerait said.Bacterial blight, also known as angular leaf spot because of the characteristic geometric shape of the leaf lesions, causes water-soaked lesions on cotton bolls. The lesions are often most prominent at the base of the boll. The disease has been more problematic the past two growing seasons. Significant defoliation and boll rot were reported in the most affected fields.“Bacterial blight is very much on the minds of our growers. In 2016, it was not severe or yield-limiting in most places, but there were some areas, especially in southwest Georgia, where yield losses did occur due to this disease,” Kemerait said.No effective control product is available for growers to spray to control the disease, he said. Management tactics have to be employed before the cotton crop is planted.Planting a bacterial-blight-resistant variety is one control method, but it comes with risks, Kemerait said.“Growers should carefully consider a number of factors in addition to bacterial blight resistance when selecting a cotton variety,” Kemerait said. “There may be other, more desirable varieties, such as ones with nematode resistance or higher yield potential.”Root-knot nematodes, which are microscopic worms, also threaten Georgia’s cotton production. They attack the plants’ roots, causing swollen galls to form in response to the infection. The knots serve as feeding sites where the nematodes grow and lay eggs. This stunts the plant’s growth.Kemerait advises farmers to select a cotton variety based on past problems they’ve experienced in their fields.“If you were significantly impacted by bacterial blight in 2015 or 2016, or you simply find any level of bacterial blight unacceptable, then you may want to select a variety with increased bacterial blight resistance and manage nematodes, if necessary, with nematicides,” Kemerait said.He advises growers not to lose sight of other diseases, especially target spot disease. Target spot disease, or corynespora, begins as a small spot and develops into white lesions with the characteristic, target-like concentric circles on them. At this state, the plants begin to defoliate rapidly.“Heading into this year, there’s no doubt target spot is an issue that we need to be concerned with. Not every grower in the state needs to make fungicide applications to manage it, but every grower should be aware of the disease, be aware of which fungicides are labeled for control and when to apply the treatments,” Kemerait said. “Growers who have had high yield potential and high disease pressure in the past, especially in southwest Georgia, are most at risk.”For more information about Georgia’s cotton crop, go to www.ugacotton.com.
Governor Jim Douglas recently announced that in fiscal year 2004 Vermont’s multi-state pharmaceutical purchasing pool-the nation’s first multi-state pool for prescription drugs-saved Vermont at least a half-million dollars more than budget analysts had originally projected.In April, following months of intense lobbying by the Douglas, Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson approved the pool that Douglas and Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm, a democrat, pioneered last year. At that time, Douglas said Vermont expected to save approximately $1.5 million in the fiscal year.New projections show this year’s save to be approximately $2 million. Douglas added that all of the contracted rebates have not been collected and the total amount saved for fiscal year 2004 could increase further. And, as momentum for the pool continues to grow, so too is Vermont’s savings. Governor Douglas said that new states entering the pool and aggressive negotiations with drug manufactures have produced a projected savings for the new fiscal year that begins July 1 to be $3 million, nearly double the first year’s anticipated savings. The bulk buying pool is a market-based solution to the increasing cost of pharmaceuticals in the United States, and as more states join the effort, Vermont’s drug costs will decline further. Douglas also announced a plan to encourage 6 more states to join the purchasing pool. South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Missouri, Virginia, and Ohio are all eligible for the pool and Douglas said he would be urging them all to join.
Provisions negotiated by Senator Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.) to modernize satellite television services and to reauthorize the expiring statutory licenses that permit satellite providers to retransmit broadcast stations to consumers has been included in legislation introduced Monday to bolster job growth and creation. When enacted, the legislation will again authorize satellite providers to retransmit broadcast stations to consumers. This important legislative package will modernize and streamline the statutory licenses that allow cable and satellite providers to retransmit the content of broadcast television signals to their subscribers, said Leahy. After months of negotiations, we have struck a reasonable agreement to advance this legislation. I hope Congress will quickly pass this important bill.Congress provided a two-month extension of the Satellite Home Viewer Extension and Reauthorization Act late last year, but objections from a single Senate Republican has prevented the Senate from passing a measure to extend the provisions until the end of March. The authorization expired Sunday night. Last Friday, Leahy and other congressional leaders sent a letter to television providers, urging them to continue providing services to customers, despite the expiration of the licenses.The Satellite Television Extension and Localism Act of 2010 (STELA), which was included in the jobs legislation introduced Monday, will expire in 2014.Leahy, who chairs the Senate Judiciary Committee, worked with members in the Senate and House to strike an agreement on the legislation. Judiciary Committee Ranking Member Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.) and Senate Commerce Committee Chairman and Ranking Member Jay Rockefeller (D-W.V.) and Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-Texas), as well as House Judiciary Committee Chairman John Conyers (D-Mich.) and Ranking Member Lamar Smith (R-Texas), and House Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Henry Waxman (D-Calif.), Ranking Member Joe Barton (R-Texas), and Subcommittee Chairman Rick Boucher (D-Va.), participated in the discussions. The legislation will reauthorize the expiring statutory licenses that permit satellite providers to retransmit broadcast stations to consumers, and will also modernize and simplify the licenses, while making adjustments that will encourage satellite providers to make more local content available. The legislation includes a provision that will particularly benefit Vermont satellite television customers in Vermont s southern-most counties, allowing DISH Network viewers, like DirecTV viewers, to receive Vermont broadcast stations by satellite. Leahy said, I encourage DISH Network to make preparations now and use this new authority as soon as the law is enacted to provide Vermont broadcast stations to subscribers in Bennington and Windham.In addition, the legislation solves the so-called cable phantom signal problem which, if left unaddressed, would lead to higher prices and fewer regional stations for Vermont cable customers. In northern Vermont, for example, this provision will make it possible for Comcast subscribers to continue to receive Hockey Night in Canada, which otherwise may not have remained available. Leahy introduced bipartisan legislation to address the expiring Satellite Home Viewer Extension and Reauthorization Act in September. On September 24, the Senate Judiciary Committee reported the Satellite Television Modernization Act. The Senate Judiciary Committee held a hearing last year to explore needed updates to the satellite provisions. The legislation draws on recommendations made by the United States Copyright Office in a June 2008 report. Congress first passed the Satellite Home Viewer Act in 1988 and it was last reauthorized in 2004. Source: Leahy’s office. WASHINGTON (Monday, March 1, 2010)
In a very controversial experiment, genetically engineered mosquitoes, which were bred to transmit a gene during the reproductive process that kills their offspring, have been used in three countries—the Cayman Islands, Malaysia and Brazil—to counteract the quickly spreading mosquito-borne viral infection dengue fever. Photo cred: USDAEarthTalk®E – The Environmental MagazineDear EarthTalk: I couldn’t believe my ears: “genetically engineered mosquitoes?” Why on Earth would they be created? And I understand there are plans to release them into the wild? — Marissa Abingdon, Sumter, SCYes it’s true, genetically engineered mosquitoes, which were bred in the lab to transmit a gene during the reproductive process that kills their offspring, have already been used on an experimental basis in three countries—the Cayman Islands, Malaysia and Brazil—to counteract the quickly spreading mosquito-borne viral infection dengue fever. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that as many as 100 million cases of humans infected with dengue fever—which causes a severe flu-like illness and can in certain instances be fatal—occur annually in more than 100 tropical and sub-tropical countries.The British company behind the project, Oxitec, is focusing initially on dengue fever, given that the particular virus which causes it is only carried by one sub-species of mosquito. This makes the illness easier to target than malaria, for instance, which is carried by many different types of mosquitoes.Oxitec first released some of the genetically modified mosquitoes in the Cayman Island in the Caribbean in 2009, much to the surprise of the international community and environmental advocates, many of whom are opposed to genetic engineering in any of its forms due to the unknown and unintended side effects that unleashing transgenic organisms into the world could cause.In Brazil, where the largest experiments have been carried out to date, the government is backing a new facility designed to breed millions of genetically engineered mosquitoes to help keep dengue fever at bay.Dengue fever isn’t considered to be a big problem in the U.S. as yet. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that most of the dengue fever cases showing up in the continental U.S. are among those who have travelled to sub-tropical and tropical areas of the world. Still, WHO reports that the incidence of dengue fever in the U.S. has increased some thirty-fold over the last half century.A proposal by Oxitec to test its transgenic mosquitoes in the Florida Keys has some locals upset. In April 2012, the town of Key West passed an ordinance prohibiting the release of the mosquitoes pending further testing on possible implications for the environment. In the meantime, Oxitec has applied to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for a patent on their mosquito and permission to release them in the U.S.Some 80,000 people have signed onto a campaign on the Change.org website calling on the FDA to deny Oxitec’s application. Mila de Mier, the Key West mother who launched the campaign, is concerned about the potential consequences of releasing an experimental organism on a delicate ecosystem.“Oxitec’s business goal is to sell genetically modified mosquitoes in the United States,” said de Mier. “…we’ve already said we don’t want these mosquitoes in our backyards, but Oxitec isn’t listening.” More definitive scientific study is needed, she says, that looks at the potential long-term impacts.CONTACTS: Oxitec, www.oxitec.com; Change.org, www.change.org.EarthTalk® is written and edited by Roddy Scheer and Doug Moss and is a registered trademark of E – The Environmental Magazine ( www.emagazine.com). Send questions to: [email protected] Subscribe: www.emagazine.com/subscribe. Free Trial Issue: www.emagazine.com/trial.
10SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading » In a phone conversation with NAFCU President and CEO Dan Berger after the CFPB’s final payday lending rule’s release, CFPB Director Richard Cordray noted the impact NAFCU’s advocacy had on the bureau’s rulemaking to lessen its potential negative effects on the credit union industry.While NAFCU is continuing to review the CFPB’s rule on payday lending – which is 1,690 pages long – to determine its overall impact, initial reviews indicate the bureau removed parts of the rule that would have negatively impacted credit unions’ ability to meet members’ needs for short-term, small-dollar loans.In particular, the final rule exempts all loans issued by credit unions in conformance with NCUA parameters for payday-alternative loans. It also contains other small lender exemptions and excludes provisions that posed the largest concerns regarding some longer-term lending.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A suspect has been arrested for allegedly trying to abduct a baby from a woman who was pushing the child in a stroller in Woodmere on Monday afternoon, Nassau County police said.Craig Myczkowski, 44, who’s last known address is in Manhattan, was charged Tuesday with attempted unlawful imprisonment, endangering the welfare of a child, burglary, petit larceny, criminal possession of stolen property and criminal mischief.“Give me the dead baby,” the suspect allegedly told the 65-year-old woman babysitting the 20-month-old baby at 12:15 p.m., according to investigators.The sitter was pushing the baby in a stroller on West Broadway when the suspect first said the victim was “pushing a dead baby,” police alleged. The woman became alarmed and walked back to the home, but the suspect followed her and said that he needed to take the baby, police said.Once she got inside and locked the doors, the woman saw the suspect enter an unlocked door to a “mud room” at the house and then try to open the kitchen door, which was locked, police said. After yelling through the door, the suspect took the stroller and walked away, police said.Investigators said they found the stroller on the side of The Pizza Place on Broadway in Hewlett, where the suspect was spotted on surveillance video, which authorities released to the media before he was arrested.He was taken to a local hospital for evaluation and will be arraigned as soon as medically practical, police said.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A motorcyclist rear-ended a Suffolk County police vehicle on the Long Island Expressway Wednesday afternoon, causing all westbound lanes to be shut down, police said.The officer was attempting a U-turn at a designated area for emergency vehicles near Exit 52 at 1:25 p.m. when the motorcyclist struck the cop car from behind.Traffic camera shows cops, firefighters descending on Wednesday afternoon crash.The motorcyclist suffered a serious head injury and was transported to Stony Brook University Hospital by police helicopter.The officer was taken to Huntington Hospital with non-life threatening injuries, police said.Suffolk police said the names of the motorcyclist and the officer won’t be released until their respective family members are notified. Police did not say if any charges are pending.All westbound lanes remained closed through most of Wednesday afternoon as investigators combed the crash site. A police spokesman told the Press it was unclear when the road would reopen.Anyone with more information is asked to call Second Squad detectives at 631-854-8252.Traffic cameras showed police cruisers and firetrucks at the scene of the crash and traffic at a stand still in both directions at Exit 52.
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Brazilian football great Pele is receiving treatment in a hospital in Sao Paulo. There were no immediate details on why the 74-year-old was taken to the Albert Einstein hospital.Pele underwent prostate surgery at the same hospital last May.Mirtes Bogea, a press officer for the city’s Albert Einstein hospital, said she could only confirm that Pelé was a patient but Globo.com reported that he had had back surgery on Thursday.The 74-year-old underwent prostate surgery at the same hospital in May. The procedure was to treat a condition that creates urinary problems because of an enlarged prostate, doctors said at the time. Tests conducted after that surgery showed there were no tumours.The former Brazil star spent two weeks in hospital last December because of a urinary tract infection that stemmed from surgery to remove kidney stones the previous month.